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Datasheet: FT232R (Future Technology Devices Intl Ltd.)

USB UART ICThe FT232R is the latest device to be added to FTDI’s range of USB UART inter...


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Future Technology Devices International Ltd.
Copyright Future Technology Devices International Ltd. 2005
Incorporating Clock Generator Output
and FTDIChip-IDTM Security Dongle
FT232R is the latest device to be added to FTDI's range of USB UART interface Integrated Circuit Devices. The
FT232R is a USB to serial UART interface with optional clock generator output, and the new FTDIChip-IDTM security
dongle feature. In addition, asynchronous and synchronous bit bang interface modes are available. USB to serial
designs using the FT232R have been further simplified by fully integrating the external EEPROM, clock circuit and
USB resistors onto the device.
The FT232R adds two new functions compared with its predecessors, effectively making it a "3-in-1" chip for some
application areas. The internally generated clock (6MHz, 12MHz, 24MHz, and 48MHz) can be brought out of the
device and used to drive a microcontroller or external logic. A unique number (the FTDIChip-IDTM) is burnt into the
device during manufacture and is readable over USB, thus forming the basis of a security dongle which can be used
to protect customer application software from being copied.
The FT232R is available in Pb-free (RoHS compliant) compact 28-Lead SSOP and QFN-32 packages.
FT232R USB UART I.C. Datasheet Version 1.02
Future Technology Devices International Ltd. 2005
Page 2
Single chip USB to asynchronous serial data
transfer interface.
Entire USB protocol handled on the chip - No
USB-specific firmware programming required.
UART interface support for 7 or 8 data bits, 1 or 2
stop bits and odd / even / mark / space / no parity.
Fully assisted hardware or X-On / X-Off software
Data transfer rates from 300 baud to 3 Megabaud
(RS422 / RS485 and at TTL levels) and 300 baud
to 1 Megabaud (RS232).
FTDI's royalty-free VCP and D2XX drivers
eliminate the requirement for USB driver
development in most cases.
In-built support for event characters and line break
New USB FTDIChip-IDTM feature.
New configurable CBUS I/O pins.
Auto transmit buffer control for RS485 applications.
Transmit and receive LED drive signals.
New 48MHz, 24MHz,12MHz, and 6MHz clock
output signal Options for driving external MCU or
FIFO receive and transmit buffers for high data
Adjustable receive buffer timeout.
Synchronous and asynchronous bit bang mode
interface options with RD# and WR# strobes.
New CBUS bit bang mode option.
Integrated 1024 Bit internal EEPROM for storing
USB VID, PID, serial number and product
description strings, and CBUS I/O configuration.
Device supplied preprogrammed with unique USB
serial number.
Support for USB suspend and resume.
Support for bus powered, self powered, and high-
power bus powered USB configurations.
Integrated 3.3V level converter for USB I/O .
Integrated level converter on UART and CBUS for
interfacing to 5V - 1.8V Logic.
True 5V / 3.3V / 2.8V / 1.8V CMOS drive output
and TTL input.
High I/O pin output drive option.
Integrated USB resistors.
Integrated power-on-reset circuit.
Fully integrated clock - no external crystal,
oscillator, or resonator required.
Fully integrated AVCC supply filtering - No separate
AVCC pin and no external R-C filter required.
UART signal inversion option.
USB bulk transfer mode.
3.3V to 5.25V Single Supply Operation.
Low operating and USB suspend current.
Low USB bandwidth consumption.
UHCI / OHCI / EHCI host controller compatible
USB 2.0 Full Speed compatible.
-40C to 85C extended operating temperature
Available in compact Pb-free 28 Pin SSOP and
QFN-32 packages (both RoHS compliant).
1. Features
1.1 Hardware Features
(VCP) DRIVERS for...
Windows 98, 98SE, ME, 2000, Server 2003, XP.
Windows Vista / Longhorn*
Windows XP 64-bit.*
Windows XP Embedded.
Windows CE.NET 4.2 & 5.0
MAC OS 8 / 9, OS-X
Linux 2.4 and greater
Royalty-Free D2XX Direct Drivers
(USB Drivers + DLL S/W Interface)
Windows 98, 98SE, ME, 2000, Server 2003, XP.
Windows Vista / Longhorn*
Windows XP 64-bit.*
Windows XP Embedded.
Windows CE.NET 4.2 & 5.0
Linux 2.4 and greater
1.2 Driver Support
The drivers listed above are all available to download for free from the FTDI website. Various 3rd Party Drivers are
also available for various other operating systems - see the
FTDI website
for details.
* Currently Under Development. Contact FTDI for availability.
USB to RS232 / RS422 / RS485 Converters
Upgrading Legacy Peripherals to USB
Cellular and Cordless Phone USB data transfer
cables and interfaces
Interfacing MCU / PLD / FPGA based designs to
USB Audio and Low Bandwidth Video data transfer
PDA to USB data transfer
USB Smart Card Readers
USB Instrumentation
USB Industrial Control
USB MP3 Player Interface
USB FLASH Card Reader / Writers
Set Top Box PC - USB interface
USB Digital Camera Interface
USB Hardware Modems
USB Wireless Modems
USB Bar Code Readers
USB Software / Hardware Encryption Dongles
1.3 Typical Applications
FT232R USB UART I.C. Datasheet Version 1.02
Future Technology Devices International Ltd. 2005
Page 3
2. Enhancements
2.1 Device Enhancements and Key Features
This section summarises the enhancements and the key features of the FT232R device. For further details, consult
device pin-out description
functional description
Integrated Clock Circuit - Previous generations of FTDI's USB UART devices required an external crystal or ceramic
resonator. The clock circuit has now been integrated onto the device meaning that no crystal or ceramic resonator is
required. However, if required, an external 12MHz crystal can be used as the clock source.
Integrated EEPROM - Previous generations of FTDI's USB UART devices required an external EEPROM if the
device were to use USB Vendor ID (VID), Product ID (PID), serial number and product description strings other than
the default values in the device itself. This external EEPROM has now been integrated onto the FT232R chip meaning
that all designs have the option to change the product description strings. A user area of the internal EEPROM is
available for storing additional data. The internal EEPROM is programmable in circuit, over USB without any additional
voltage requirement.
Preprogrammed EEPROM - The FT232R is supplied with its internal EEPROM preprogrammed with a serial number
which is unique to each individual device. This, in most cases, will remove the need to program the device EEPROM.
Integrated USB Resistors - Previous generations of FTDI's USB UART devices required two external series resistors
on the USBDP and USBDM lines, and a 1.5 k pull up resistor on USBDP. These three resistors have now been
integrated onto the device.
Integrated AVCC Filtering - Previous generations of FTDI's USB UART devices had a separate AVCC pin - the
supply to the internal PLL. This pin required an external R-C filter. The separate AVCC pin is now connected internally
to VCC, and the filter has now been integrated onto the chip.
Less External Components - Integration of the crystal, EEPROM, USB resistors, and AVCC filter will substantially
reduce the bill of materials cost for USB interface designs using the FT232R compared to its FT232BM predecessor.
Configurable CBUS I/O Pin Options - There are now 5 configurable Control Bus (CBUS) lines. Options are TXDEN
- transmit enable for RS485 designs,
PWREN# - Power control for high power, bus powered designs, TXLED# - for
pulsing an LED upon transmission of data,
RXLED# - for pulsing an LED upon receiving data, TX&RXLED# - which
will pulse an LED upon transmission OR reception of data,
SLEEP# - indicates that the device going into USB
suspend mode,
CLK48 / CLK24 / CLK12 / CLK6 - 48MHz, 24MHz,12MHz, and 6MHz clock output signal options.
There is also the option to bring out bit bang mode read and write strobes (see below). The CBUS lines can be
configured with any one of these output options by setting bits in the internal EEPROM. The device is supplied with
the most commonly used pin definitions preprogrammed - see
Section 10
for details.
Enhanced Asynchronous Bit Bang Mode with RD# and WR# Strobes - The FT232R supports FTDI's BM chip
bit bang mode. In bit bang mode, the eight UART lines can be switched from the regular interface mode to an 8-bit
general purpose I/O port. Data packets can be sent to the device and they will be sequentially sent to the interface
at a rate controlled by an internal timer (equivalent to the baud rate prescaler). With the FT232R device this mode
has been enhanced so that the internal RD# and WR# strobes are now brought out of the device which can be used
to allow external logic to be clocked by accesses to the bit bang I/O bus. This option will be described more fully in a
separate application note.
Synchronous Bit Bang Mode - Synchronous bit bang mode differs from asynchronous bit bang mode in that the
interface pins are only read when the device is written to. Thus making it easier for the controlling program to measure
the response to an output stimulus as the data returned is synchronous to the output data. The feature was previously
seen in FTDI's FT2232C device. This option will be described more fully in a separate application note.
CBUS Bit Bang Mode - This mode allows four of the CBUS pins to be individually configured as GPIO pins, similar
to Asynchronous bit bang mode. It is possible to use this mode while the UART interface is being used, thus providing
up to four general purpose I/O pins which are available during normal operation. An application note describing this
feature is available separately from the
FTDI website
FT232R USB UART I.C. Datasheet Version 1.02
Future Technology Devices International Ltd. 2005
Page 4
Lower Supply Voltage - Previous generations of the chip required 5V supply on the VCC pin. The FT232R will work
with a Vcc supply in the range 3.3V - 5.25V. Bus powered designs would still take their supply from the 5V on the USB
bus, but for self powered designs where only 3.3V is available and there is no 5V supply there is no longer any need
for an additional external regulator.
Integrated Level Converter on UART Interface and Control Signals - VCCIO pin supply can be from 1.8V to 5V.
Connecting the VCCIO pin to 1.8V, 2.8V, or 3.3V allows the device to directly interface to 1.8V, 2.8V or 3.3V and other
logic families without the need for external level converter I.C. devices.
5V / 3.3V / 2.8V / 1.8V Logic Interface - The FT232R provides true CMOS Drive Outputs and TTL level Inputs.
Integrated Power-On-Reset (POR) Circuit- The device incorporates an internal POR function. A RESET# pin is
available in order to allow external logic to reset the FT232R where required. However, for many applications the
RESET# pin can be left unconnected, or pulled up to VCCIO.
Lower Operating and Suspend Current - The device operating supply current has been further reduced to 15mA,
and the suspend current has been reduced to around 70A. This allows greater margin for peripheral designs to meet
the USB suspend current limit of 500A.
Low USB Bandwidth Consumption - The operation of the USB interface to the FT232R has been designed to use
as little as possible of the total USB bandwidth available from the USB host controller.
High Output Drive Option - The UART interface and CBUS I/O pins can be made to drive out at three times the
standard signal drive level thus allowing multiple devices to be driven, or devices that require a greater signal drive
strength to be interfaced to the FT232R. This option is enabled in the internal EEPROM.
Power Management Control for USB Bus Powered, High Current Designs- The PWREN# signal can be used to
directly drive a transistor or P-Channel MOSFET in applications where power switching of external circuitry is required.
An option in the internal EEPROM makes the device gently pull down on its UART interface lines when the power
is shut off (PWREN# is high). In this mode any residual voltage on external circuitry is bled to GND when power is
removed, thus ensuring that external circuitry controlled by PWREN# resets reliably when power is restored.
UART Pin Signal Inversion - The sense of each of the eight UART signals can be individually inverted by setting
options in the internal EEPROM. Thus, CTS# (active low) can be changed to CTS (active high), or TXD can be
changed to TXD#.
FTDIChip-IDTM - Each FT232R is assigned a unique number which is burnt into the device at manufacture. This ID
number cannot be reprogrammed by product manufacturers or end-users. This allows the possibility of using FT232R
based dongles for software licensing. Further to this, a renewable license scheme can be implemented based on the
FTDIChip-IDTM number when encrypted with other information. This encrypted number can be stored in the user area
of the FT232R internal EEPROM, and can be decrypted, then compared with the protected FTDIChip-IDTM to verify
that a license is valid. Web based applications can be used to maintain product licensing this way. An application note
describing this feature is available separately from the
FTDI website
Improved EMI Performance - The reduced operating current and improved on-chip VCC decoupling significantly
improves the ease of PCB design requirements in order to meet FCC, CE and other EMI related specifications.
Programmable Receive Buffer Timeout - The receive buffer timeout is used to flush remaining data from the
receive buffer. This time defaults to 16ms, but is programmable over USB in 1ms increments from 1ms to 255ms, thus
allowing the device to be optimised for protocols that require fast response times from short data packets.
Extended Operating Temperature Range - The FT232R operates over an extended temperature range of -40 to
+85 C thus allowing the device to be used in automotive and industrial applications.
New Package Options - The FT232R is available in two packages - a compact 28 pin SSOP ( FT232RL) and an
ultra-compact 5mm x 5mm pinless QFN-32 package (
FT232RQ). Both packages are lead ( Pb ) free, and use a
`green' compound. Both packages are fully compliant with European Union directive 2002/95/EC.
FT232R USB UART I.C. Datasheet Version 1.02
Future Technology Devices International Ltd. 2005
Page 5
3. Block Diagram
3.1 Block Diagram (Simplified)
Figure 1 - FT232R Block Diagram
3.2 Functional Block Descriptions
3.3V LDO Regulator - The 3.3V LDO Regulator generates the 3.3V reference voltage for driving the USB transceiver
cell output buffers. It requires an external decoupling capacitor to be attached to the 3V3OUT regulator output pin. It
also provides 3.3V power to the 1.5k internal pull up resistor on USBDP. The main function of this block is to power
the USB Transceiver and the Reset Generator Cells rather than to power external logic. However, external circuitry
requiring a 3.3V nominal supply at a current of around than 50mA could also draw its power from the 3V3OUT pin, if
USB Transceiver - The USB Transceiver Cell provides the USB 1.1 / USB 2.0 full-speed physical interface to the USB
cable. The output drivers provide 3.3V level slew rate control signalling, whilst a differential receiver and two single
ended receivers provide USB data in, SEO and USB Reset condition detection. This Cell also incorporates internal
USB series resistors on the USB data lines, and a 1.5k pull up resistor on USBDP.
USB DPLL - The USB DPLL cell locks on to the incoming NRZI USB data and provides separate recovered clock and
data signals to the SIE block.
Internal 12MHz Oscillator - The Internal 12MHz Oscillator cell generates a 12MHz reference clock input to the x4
Clock multiplier. The 12MHz Oscillator is also used as the reference clock for the SIE, USB Protocol Engine and
UART FIFO controller blocks
Clock Multiplier / Divider - The Clock Multiplier / Divider takes the 12MHz input from the Oscillator Cell and
generates the 48MHz, 24MHz, 12MHz, and 6MHz reference clock signals. The 48Mz clock reference is used for the
USB DPLL and the Baud Rate Generator blocks.
Multiplier /
FIFO Controller
Serial Interface
( SIE )
Protocol Engine
Baud Rate
UART Controller
Signal Inversion
and High Drive
3.3 Volt
and 1.5K
FIFO TX Buffer
FIFO RX Buffer
To USB Transceiver Cell
24 MHz
12 MHz
6 MHz
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