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Datasheet: 29C010 (ATMEL Corporation)

1 Megabit 128k X 8 5-volt Only Cmos Flash Memory

 

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ATMEL Corporation
AT29C010A
1 Megabit
(128K x 8)
5-volt Only
CMOS Flash
Memory
Features
Fast Read Access Time - 70 ns
5-Volt-Only Reprogramming
Sector Program Operation
Single Cycle Reprogram (Erase and Program)
1024 Sectors (128 bytes/sector)
Internal Address and Data Latches for 128-Bytes
Two 8 KB Boot Blocks with Lockout
Internal Program Control and Timer
Hardware and Software Data Protection
Fast Sector Program Cycle Time - 10 ms
DATA Polling for End of Program Detection
Low Power Dissipation
50 mA Active Current
100
A CMOS Standby Current
Typical Endurance > 10,000 Cycles
Single 5V
10% Supply
CMOS and TTL Compatible Inputs and Outputs
Commercial and Industrial Temperature Ranges
Description
The AT29C010A is a 5-volt-only in-system Flash programmable and erasable read
only memory (PEROM). Its 1 megabit of memory is organized as 131,072 words by 8
bits. Manufactured with Atmel's advanced nonvolatile CMOS technology, the device
offers access times to 70 ns with power dissipation of just 275 mW over the commer-
cial temperature range. When the device is deselected, the CMOS standby current is
less than 100
A. The device endurance is such that any sector can typically be writ-
ten to in excess of 10,000 times.
To allow for simple in-system reprogrammability, the AT29C010A does not require
high input voltages for programming. Five-volt-only commands determine the opera-
(continued)
DIP Top View
TSOP Top View
Type 1
Pin Configurations
Pin Name
Function
A0 - A16
Addresses
CE
Chip Enable
OE
Output Enable
WE
Write Enable
I/O0 - I/O7
Data Inputs/Outputs
NC
No Connect
PLCC Top View
0394B
AT29C010A
4-129
(continued)
tion of the device. Reading data out of the device is similar
t o rea ding from an EPROM. Reprogramming the
AT29C010A is performed on a sector basis; 128-bytes of
data are loaded into the device and then simultaneously
programmed.
During a reprogram cycle, the address locations and 128-
bytes of data are internally latched, freeing the address
and data bus for other operations. Following the initiation
of a program cycle, the device will automatically erase the
sector and then program the latched data using an internal
control timer. The end of a program cycle can be detected
by DATA polling of I/O7. Once the end of a program cycle
has been detected, a new access for a read or program
can begin.
Description (Continued)
Device Operation
READ: The AT29C010A is accessed like an EPROM.
When CE and OE are low and WE is high, the data stored
at the memory location determined by the address pins is
asserted on the outputs. The outputs are put in the high
impedance state whenever CE or OE is high. This dual-
line control gives designers flexibility in preventing bus
contention.
BYTE LOAD: Byte loads are used to enter the 128-
bytes of a sector to be programmed or the software codes
for data protection. A byte load is performed by applying a
low pulse on the WE or CE input with CE or WE low (re-
spectively) and OE high. The address is latched on the
falling edge of CE or WE, whichever occurs last. The data
is latched by the first rising edge of CE or WE.
PROGRAM: The device is reprogrammed on a sector
basis. If a byte of data within a sector is to be changed,
data for the entire sector must be loaded into the device.
The data in any byte that is not loaded during the program-
ming of its sector will be indeterminate. Once the bytes of
a sector are loaded into the device, they are simultane-
ously programmed during the internal programming pe-
riod. After the first data byte has been loaded into the de-
vice, successive bytes are entered in the same manner.
Each new byte to be programmed must have its high to
low transition on WE (or CE) within 150
s of the low to
high transition of WE (or CE) of the preceding byte. If a
high to low transition is not detected within 150
s of the
last low to high transition, the load period will end and the
internal programming period will start. A7 to A16 specify
the sector address. The sector address must be valid dur-
ing each high to low transition of WE (or CE). A0 to A6
specify the byte address within the sector. The bytes may
Block Diagram
be loaded in any order; sequential loading is not required.
Once a programming operation has been initiated, and for
the duration of t
WC
, a read operation will effectively be a
polling operation.
SOFTWARE DATA PROTECTION: A software control-
led data protection feature is available on the AT29C010A.
Once the software protection is enabled a software algo-
rithm must be issued to the device before a program may
be performed. The software protection feature may be en-
abled or disabled by the user; when shipped from Atmel,
the software data protection feature is disabled. To enable
the software data protection, a series of three program
commands to specific addresses with specific data must
be performed. After the software data protection is en-
abled the same three program commands must begin
each program cycle in order for the programs to occur. All
software program commands must obey the sector pro-
gram timing specifications. Once set, the software data
protection feature remains active unless its disable com-
mand is issued. Power transitions will not reset the soft-
ware data protection feature, however the software fea-
ture will guard against inadvertent program cycles during
power transitions.
Once set, software data protection will remain active un-
less the disable command sequence is issued.
After setting SDP, any attempt to write to the device with-
out the 3-byte command sequence will start the internal
write timers. No data will be written to the device; however,
for the duration of t
WC
, a read operation will effectively be
a polling operation.
4-130
AT29C010A
(continued)
Temperature Under Bias................. -55
C to +125
C
Storage Temperature...................... -65
C to +150
C
All Input Voltages
(including NC Pins)
with Respect to Ground ................... -0.6V to +6.25V
All Output Voltages
with Respect to Ground .............-0.6V to V
CC
+ 0.6V
Voltage on OE
with Respect to Ground ................... -0.6V to +13.5V
*NOTICE: Stresses beyond those listed under "Absolute Maxi-
mum Ratings" may cause permanent damage to the device.
This is a stress rating only and functional operation of the
device at these or any other conditions beyond those indi-
cated in the operational sections of this specification is not
implied. Exposure to absolute maximum rating conditions
for extended periods may affect device reliability.
Absolute Maximum Ratings*
After the software data protection's 3-byte command code
is given, a byte load is performed by applying a low pulse
on the WE or CE input with CE or WE low (respectively)
and OE high. The address is latched on the falling edge of
CE or WE, whichever occurs last. The data is latched by
the first rising edge of CE or WE. The 128-bytes of data
must be loaded into each sector by the same procedure as
outlined in the program section under device operation.
HARDWARE DATA PROTECTION: Hardware features
protect against inadvertent programs to the AT29C010A
in the following ways: (a) V
CC
sense-- if V
CC
is below 3.8V
(typical), the program function is inhibited. (b) V
CC
power
on delay-- once V
CC
has reached the V
CC
sense level,
the device will automatically time out 5 ms (typical) before
programming. (c) Program inhibit-- holding any one of OE
low, CE high or WE high inhibits program cycles. (d) Noise
filter-- pulses of less than 15 ns (typical) on the WE or CE
inputs will not initiate a program cycle.
PRODUCT IDENTIFICATION: The product identifica-
tion mode identifies the device and manufacturer as At-
mel. It may be accessed by hardware or software opera-
tion. The hardware operation mode can be used by an ex-
ternal programmer to identify the correct programming al-
gorithm for the Atmel product. In addition, users may wish
to use the software product identification mode to identify
the part (i.e. using the device code), and have the system
software use the appropriate sector size for program op-
erations. In this manner, the user can have a common
board design for 256K to 4-megabit densities and, with
each density's sector size in a memory map, have the sys-
tem software apply the appropriate sector size.
For details, see Operating Modes (for hardware operation)
or Software Product Identification. The manufacturer and
device code is the same for both modes.
DATA POLLING: The AT29C010A features DATA poll-
ing to indicate the end of a program cycle. During a pro-
gram cycle an attempted read of the last byte loaded will
Device Operation (Continued)
result in the complement of the loaded data on I/O7. Once
the program cycle has been completed, true data is valid
on all outputs and the next cycle may begin. DATA polling
may begin at any time during the program cycle.
TOGGLE BIT: I n a d d i t i o n t o DATA p o l l i n g t h e
AT29C010A provides another method for determining the
end of a program or erase cycle. During a program or
erase operation, successive attempts to read data from
the device will result in I/O6 toggling between one and
zero. Once the program cycle has completed, I/O6 will
stop toggling and valid data will be read. Examining the
toggle bit may begin at any time during a program cycle.
OPTIONAL CHIP ERASE MODE: The
entire
device
can be erased by using a 6-byte software code. Please
see Software Chip Erase application note for details.
BOOT BLOCK PROGRAMMING LOCKOUT: The
AT29C010A has two designated memory blocks that have
a programming lockout feature. This feature prevents pro-
gramming of data in the designated block once the feature
has been enabled. Each of these blocks consists of 8K
bytes; the programming lockout feature can be set inde-
pendently for either block. While the lockout feature does
not have to be activated, it can be activated for either or
both blocks.
These two 8K memory sections are referred to as
boot
blocks
. Secure code which will bring up a system can be
contained in a boot block. The AT29C010A blocks are lo-
cated in the first 8K bytes of memory and the last 8K bytes
of memory. The boot block programming lockout feature
can therefore support systems that boot from the lower
addresses of memory or the higher addresses. Once the
programming lockout feature has been activated, the data
in that block can no longer be erased or programmed;
data in other memory locations can still be changed
through the regular programming methods. To activate the
lockout feature, a series of seven program commands to
specific addresses with specific data must be performed.
Please see Boot Block Lockout Feature Enable Algorithm.
If the boot block lockout feature has been activated on
either block, the chip erase function will be disabled.
AT29C010A
4-131
Device Operation (Continued)
Operating Modes
Mode
CE
OE
WE
Ai
I/O
Read
V
IL
V
IL
V
IH
Ai
D
OUT
Program
(2)
V
IL
V
IH
V
IL
Ai
D
IN
5V Chip Erase
V
IL
V
IH
V
IL
Ai
Standby/Write Inhibit
V
IH
X
(1)
X
X
High Z
Program Inhibit
X
X
V
IH
Program Inhibit
X
V
IL
X
Output Disable
X
V
IH
X
High Z
Product Identification
Hardware
V
IL
V
IL
V
IH
A1 - A16 = V
IL
, A9 = V
H
,
(3)
A0 = V
IL
Manufacturer Code
(4)
A1 - A16 = V
IL
, A9 = V
H
,
(3)
A0 = V
IH
Device Code
(4)
Software
(5)
A0 = V
IL
Manufacturer Code
(4)
A0 = V
IH
Device Code
(4)
4. Manufacturer Code: 1F, Device Code: D5
5. See details under Software Product Identification Entry/Exit.
Notes: 1. X can be V
IL
or V
IH
.
2. Refer to AC Programming Waveforms.
3. V
H
= 12.0V
0.5V.
DC Characteristics
Symbol
Parameter
Condition
Min
Max
Units
I
LI
Input Load Current
V
IN
= 0V to V
CC
10
A
I
LO
Output Leakage Current
V
I/O
= 0V to V
CC
10
A
I
SB1
V
CC
Standby Current CMOS
CE = V
CC
- 0.3V to V
CC
Com.
100
A
Ind.
300
A
I
SB2
V
CC
Standby Current TTL
CE = 2.0V to V
CC
3
mA
I
CC
V
CC
Active Current
f = 5 MHz; I
OUT
= 0 mA
50
mA
V
IL
Input Low Voltage
0.8
V
V
IH
Input High Voltage
2.0
V
V
OL
Output Low Voltage
I
OL
= 2.1 mA
.45
V
V
OH1
Output High Voltage
I
OH
= -400
A
2.4
V
V
OH2
Output High Voltage CMOS
I
OH
= -100
A; V
CC
= 4.5V
4.2
V
DC and AC Operating Range
AT29C010A-70
AT29C010A-90
AT29C010A-12
AT29C010A-15
Operating
Temperature (Case)
Com.
0
C - 70
C
0
C - 70
C
0
C - 70
C
0
C - 70
C
Ind.
-40
C - 85
C
-40
C - 85
C
-40
C - 85
C
V
CC
Power Supply
5V
5%
5V
10%
5V
10%
5V
10%
BOOT BLOCK LOCKOUT DETECTION: A
software
method is available to determine whether programming of
either boot block section is locked out. See Software Prod-
uct Identification Entry and Exit sections. When the device
is in the software product identification mode, a read from
location 00002 will show if programming the lower address
boot block is locked out while reading location FFFF2 will
do so for the upper boot block. If the data is FE, the corre-
sponding block can be programmed; if the data is FF, the
program lockout feature has been activated and the corre-
sponding block cannot be programmed. The software
product identification exit mode should be used to return to
standard operation.
4-132
AT29C010A
AC Read Characteristics
AT29C010A-70
AT29C010A-90
AT29C010A-12
AT29C010A-15
Symbol
Parameter
Min
Max
Min
Max
Min
Max
Min
Max
Units
t
ACC
Address to Output Delay
70
90
120
150
ns
t
CE
(1)
CE to Output Delay
70
90
120
150
ns
t
OE
(2)
OE to Output Delay
0
35
0
40
0
50
0
70
ns
t
DF
(3, 4)
CE or OE to Output Float
0
25
0
25
0
30
0
40
ns
t
OH
Output Hold from OE,
CE or Address,
whichever occurred first
0
0
0
0
ns
Notes: 1. CE may be delayed up to t
ACC
- t
CE
after the address
transition without impact on t
ACC
.
2. OE may be delayed up to t
CE
- t
OE
after the falling
edge of CE without impact on t
CE
or by t
ACC
- t
OE
after an address change without impact on t
ACC
.
3. t
DF
is specified from OE or CE whichever occurs first
(C
L
= 5 pF).
4. This parameter is characterized and is not 100% tested.
AC Read Waveforms
(1, 2, 3, 4)
t
R
, t
F
< 5 ns
Input Test Waveforms and
Measurement Level
Output Test Load
70 ns
90/120/150 ns
Pin Capacitance
(f = 1 MHz, T = 25C)
(1)
Typ
Max
Units
Conditions
C
IN
4
6
pF
V
IN
= 0V
C
OUT
8
12
pF
V
OUT
= 0V
Note:
1. This parameter is characterized and is not 100% tested.
AT29C010A
4-133
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