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Datasheet: 27C4096 (Advanced Micro Devices)

4 Megabit (256 K X 16-bit) Cmos Eprom

 

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Advanced Micro Devices

Document Outline

FINAL
Publication# 11408
Rev: F Amendment/0
Issue Date: May 1998
Am27C4096
4 Megabit (256 K x 16-Bit) CMOS EPROM
DISTINCTIVE CHARACTERISTICS
s
Fast access time
-- Speed options as fast as 90 ns
s
Low power consumption
-- 100 A maximum CMOS standby current
s
JEDEC-approved pinout
-- Plug-in upgrade of 1 Mbit and 2 Mbit EPROMs
-- 40-pin DIP/PDIP
-- 44-pin PLCC
s
Single +5 V power supply
s
10% power supply tolerance standard
s
100% Flashrite programming
-- Typical programming time of 32 seconds
s
Latch-up protected to 100 mA from 1 V to
V
CC
+ 1 V
s
High noise immunity
GENERAL DESCRIPTION
The Am27C4096 is a 4 Mbit, ultraviolet erasable pro-
grammable read-only memory. It is organized as 256
Kwords, operates from a single +5 V supply, has a
static standby mode, and features fast single address
location programming. The Am27C4096 is ideal for use
in 16-bit microprocessor systems. The device is avail-
able in windowed ceramic DIP packages, and plastic
one time programmable (OTP) PDIP and PLCC pack-
ages.
Data can be typically accessed in less than 90 ns, al-
lowing high-performance microprocessors to operate
without any WAIT states. The device offers separate
Output Enable (OE#) and Chip Enable (CE#) controls,
thus eliminating bus contention in a multiple bus micro-
processor system.
AMD's CMOS process technology provides high
speed, low power, and high noise immunity. Typical
power consumption is only 125 mW in active mode,
and 125 W in standby mode.
All signals are TTL levels, including programming sig-
nals. Bit locations may be programmed singly, in
blocks, or at random. The device supports AMD's
Flashrite programming algorithm (100 s pulses), re-
sulting in a typical programming time of 32 seconds.
BLOCK DIAGRAM
11408F-1
A0A17
Address
Inputs
CE#/PGM#
OE#
V
CC
V
SS
V
PP
Data Outputs
DQ0DQ15
Output
Buffers
Y
Gating
4,194,304
Bit Cell
Matrix
X
Decoder
Y
Decoder
Output Enable
Chip Enable
and
Prog Logic
2
Am27C4096
PRODUCT SELECTOR GUIDE
CONNECTION DIAGRAMS
Top View
DIP
PLCC
Notes:
1. JEDEC nomenclature is in parenthesis.
2. Don't use (DU) for PLCC.
PIN DESIGNATIONS
A0A17
= Address Inputs
CE# (E#)/
= Chip Enable Input/
PGM#/ (P#)
Program Enable Input
DQ0DQ15 = Data Input/Outputs
OE# (G#)
= Output Enable Input
V
CC
= V
CC
Supply Voltage
V
PP
= Program Voltage Input
V
SS
= Ground
LOGIC SYMBOL
Family Part Number
Am27C4096
Speed Options
V
CC
= 5.0 V
5%
-95
-105
-255
V
CC
= 5.0 V
10%
-100
-120
-150
-200
Max Access Time (ns)
90
100
120
150
200
250
CE# (E#) Access (ns)
90
100
120
150
200
250
OE# (G#) Access (ns)
50
50
50
65
75
75
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
40
39
38
37
36
35
34
33
32
31
30
29
28
27
26
25
24
23
22
21
V
CC
A17
A16
A15
A14
A13
A12
A11
A10
A9
V
SS
A8
A7
A6
A5
A4
A3
A2
A1
A0
V
PP
CE# (E#)/PGM# (P#)
DQ15
DQ14
DQ13
DQ12
DQ11
DQ10
DQ9
DQ8
V
SS
DQ7
DQ6
DQ5
DQ4
DQ3
DQ2
DQ1
DQ0
OE# (G#)
11408F-2
1 44 43 42
5
4
3
2
6
41 40
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
A13
A12
A11
A10
A9
V
SS
NC
A8
A7
A6
A5
DQ13
DQ14
DQ15
CE# (E#)/PGM# (P#)
V
PP
DU (Note 2)
V
CC
A17
A16
A15
A14
39
38
37
36
35
34
33
32
31
30
29
DQ12
DQ11
DQ10
DQ9
DQ8
V
SS
NC
DQ7
DQ6
DQ5
DQ4
DQ3
DQ2
DQ1
DQ0
OE# (G#)
DU (Note 2)
A0
A1
A2
A3
A4
23 24 25 26
19 20 21 22
18
27 28
11408F-3
18
16
DQ0DQ15
A0A17
CE# (E#)/PGM# (P#)
OE# (G#)
11408F-4
Am27C4096
3
ORDERING INFORMATION
UV EPROM Products
AMD standard products are available in several packages and operating ranges. The order number (Valid Combination) is formed
by a combination of the following:
Valid Combinations
Valid Combinations list configurations planned to be sup-
ported in volume for this device. Consult the local AMD sales
office to confirm availability of specific valid combinations and
to check on newly released combinations.
AM27C4096
-95
D
C
OPTIONAL PROCESSING
Blank = Standard Processing
B
= Burn-In
TEMPERATURE RANGE
C = Commercial (0
C to +70
C)
I
= Industrial (40
C to +85
C)
E
= Extended (55
C to +125
C)
PACKAGE TYPE
D = 40-Pin Ceramic DIP (CDV040)
SPEED OPTION
See Product Selector Guide and
Valid Combinations
B
Valid Combinations
AM27C4096-95
V
CC
= 5.0 V
5%
DC, DCB
AM27C4096-100
DC, DCB, DI, DIB
AM27C4096-105
V
CC
= 5.0 V
5%
AM27C4096-120
DC, DCB, DE, DEB, DI, DIB
AM27C4096-150
AM27C4096-200
AM27C4096-255
V
CC
= 5.0 V
5%
DC, DCB, DI, DIB
DEVICE NUMBER/DESCRIPTION
Am27C4096
4 Megabit (256 K x 16-Bit) CMOS UV EPROM
4
Am27C4096
ORDERING INFORMATION
OTP EPROM Products
AMD standard products are available in several packages and operating ranges. The order number (Valid Combination) is formed
by a combination of the following:
Valid Combinations
Valid Combinations list configurations planned to be sup-
ported in volume for this device. Consult the local AMD sales
office to confirm availability of specific valid combinations and
to check on newly released combinations.
DEVICE NUMBER/DESCRIPTION
Am27C4096
4 Megabit (256 K x 16-Bit) CMOS OTP EPROM
AM27C4096
-105
P
C
OPTIONAL PROCESSING
Blank = Standard Processing
TEMPERATURE RANGE
C = Commercial (0
C to +70
C)
I
= Industrial (40
C to +85
C)
PACKAGE TYPE
P
= 40-Pin Plastic DIP (PD 040)
J
= 44-Pin Plastic Leaded Chip Carrier (PL 044)
SPEED OPTION
See Product Selector Guide and
Valid Combinations
Valid Combinations
AM27C4096-105
V
CC
= 5.0 V
5%
PC, JC
AM27C4096-120
PC, PI, JC, JI
AM27C4096-150
AM27C4096-200
AM27C4096-255
V
CC
= 5.0 V
5%
Am27C4096
5
FUNCTIONAL DESCRIPTION
Device Erasure
In order to clear all locations of their programmed con-
tents, the device must be exposed to an ultraviolet light
source. A dosage of 15 W seconds/cm
2
is required to
completely erase the device. This dosage can be ob-
tained by exposure to an ultraviolet lamp--wavelength
of 2537 --with intensity of 12,000 W/cm
2
for 15 to 20
minutes. The device should be directly under and about
one inch from the source, and all filters should be re-
moved from the UV light source prior to erasure.
Note that all UV erasable devices will erase with light
sources having wavelengths shorter than 4000 , such
as fluorescent light and sunlight. Although the erasure
process happens over a much longer time period, ex-
posure to any light source should be prevented for
maximum system reliability. Simply cover the package
window with an opaque label or substance.
Device Programming
Upon delivery, or after each erasure, the device has
all of its bits in the "ONE", or HIGH state. "ZEROs" are
loaded into the device through the programming pro-
cedure.
The device enters the programming mode when 12.75
V
0.25 V is applied to the V
PP
pin, and CE#/PGM# is
at V
IL
and OE# is at V
IH
.
For programming, the data to be programmed is ap-
plied 16 bits in parallel to the data pins.
The flowchart in the Programming section (Section 5,
Figure 5-1) shows AMD's Flashrite algorithm. The
Flashrite algorithm reduces programming time by using
a 100 s programming pulse and by giving each address
only as many pulses to reliably program the data. After
each pulse is applied to a given address, the data in that
address is verified. If the data does not verify, additional
pulses are given until it verifies or the maximum pulses
allowed is reached. This process is repeated while se-
quencing through each address of the device. This part
of the algorithm is done at V
CC
= 6.25 V to assure that
each EPROM bit is programmed to a sufficiently high
threshold voltage. After the final address is completed,
the entire EPROM memory is verified at V
CC
= V
PP
=
5.25 V.
Please refer to Section 5 for additional programming in-
formation and specifications.
Program Inhibit
Programming different data to multiple devices in par-
allel is easily accomplished. Except for CE#/PGM#, all
like inputs of the devices may be common. A TTL
low-level program pulse applied to one device's CE#/
PGM# input with V
PP
= 12.75 V
0.25 V and OE#
HIGH will program that particular device. A high-level
CE#/PGM# input inhibits the other devices from being
programmed.
Program Verify
A verification should be performed on the programmed
bits to determine that they were correctly programmed.
The verify should be performed with OE# at V
IL
, CE#/
PGM# at V
IH
, and V
PP
between 12.5 V and 13.0 V.
Autoselect Mode
The autoselect mode provides manufacturer and de-
vice identification through identifier codes on DQ0
DQ7. This mode is primarily intended for programming
equipment to automatically match a device to be pro-
grammed with its corresponding programming algo-
rithm. This mode is functional in the 25
C
5
C
ambient temperature range that is required when pro-
gramming the device.
To activate this mode, the programming equipment
must force V
H
on address line A9. Two identifier bytes
may then be sequenced from the device outputs by tog-
gling address line A0 from V
IL
to V
IH
(that is, changing
the address from 00h to 01h). All other address lines
must be held at V
IL
during the autoselect mode.
Byte 0 (A0 = V
IL
) represents the manufacturer code,
and Byte 1 (A0 = V
IH
), the device identifier code. Both
codes have odd parity, with DQ7 as the parity bit.
Read Mode
To obtain data at the device outputs, Chip Enable (CE#/
PGM#) and Output Enable (OE#) must be driven low.
CE#/PGM# controls the power to the device and is typ-
ically used to select the device. OE# enables the device
to output data, independent of device selection. Ad-
dresses must be stable for at least t
ACC
t
OE
.
Refer to
the Switching Waveforms section for the timing dia-
gram.
Standby Mode
The device enters the CMOS standby mode when
CE#/PGM# is at V
CC
0.3 V. Maximum V
CC
current is
reduced to 100 A. The device enters the TTL-standby
mode when CE#/PGM# is at V
IH
. Maximum V
CC
cur-
rent is reduced to 1.0 mA. When in either standby
mode, the device places its outputs in a high-imped-
ance state, independent of the OE# input.
Output OR-Tieing
To accommodate multiple memory connections, a
two-line control function provides:
s
low memory power dissipation, and
s
assurance that output bus contention will not occur.
CE#/PGM# should be decoded and used as the pri-
mary device-selecting function, while OE# be made a
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