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Datasheet: S2073 (Applied Micro Circuits Corp.)

Five Port Bypass and Repeater For Fc-al

 

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1
FIVE PORT BYPASS AND REPEATER FOR FC-AL
S2073
February 9, 2000 / Revision D
FEATURES
Micropower Bipolar Technology
ANSI X3T11 Fibre Channel Compliant
Monolithic Clock Recovery Unit
Retimes & Buffers Received Data
Jitter Peaking < 0.1 dB
Lock Detect Function
Frequency Detection
Five Port Bypass Circuits
Suitable for both Coaxial and Optical Link
Low Power Operation 0.93 W Typical
106.25 or 53.125 MHz Reference Clock
Compact 10 mm x 10 mm 64 Pin
PQFP Package
3.3 V Supply
APPLICATIONS
FC-AL Nodes
RAID
JBOD
SAN
GENERAL DESCRIPTION
The Five Port Bypass and Repeater for FC-AL Cir-
cuit is used in full-speed (1.0625 Gb/s) Disk Arrays.
It contains a monolithic Clock Recovery Unit (CRU),
a lock detect feature and five port bypass circuits.
The S2073 may be used to implement a single chip
Figure 1. S2073 Functional Block Diagram
DEVICE
SPECIFICATION
FIVE PORT BYPASS AND REPEATER FOR FC-AL
S2073
Arbitrated Loop Port Bypass Retiming Node. The
S2073 performs the function of five port bypass cir-
cuits followed by a Clock and Data Retimer (CDR).
The CDR retimes incoming serial data, detects
whether a valid signal is present and outputs a low
jitter serial data stream.
FUNCTIONAL DESCRIPTION
The S2073 functional block diagram is shown in Fig-
ure 1. The S2073 performs two functions. The first
function is a five Port Bypass Circuit (PBC) for nodes
in a FC-AL system. The low jitter accumulation of the
port bypass path is essential in these systems. The
second function is to restore signal quality in RAID
drives using the FC-AL link configuration. The S2073
clock and data recovery PLL provides low jitter
transfer peaking and high jitter tolerance. In addition,
the lock detect circuit monitors the incoming signals
for frequency, which is useful for link performance
monitoring and detection of channel present.
Jitter Performance
Input jitter tolerance is defined as the amplitude of
frequency dependent, random and deterministic jitter
that causes the clock recovery PLL to violate the
BER specifications.
The S2073 complies with the minimum jitter toler-
ance requirements proposed by the Fibre Channel
jitter working group when used with differential in-
puts and outputs as shown in Figure 2. In addition,
the S2073 is designed for minimum jitter generation
and jitter transfer specifications. This allows the opti-
mum system design for arbitrated loop architectures.
0
1
0
1
0
1
0
1
DDO0 DDI0
EN0
DDO1
DDI1
EN1
DDO2
DDI2
EN2
DDO3 DDI3
EN3
0
1
DDO4 DDI4
EN4
IN
CDR
OUTP/N
LOCKDET
BYPASS
REFCLK
LCKREFN
REFSEL
LPF1
LPF2
2
FIVE PORT BYPASS AND REPEATER FOR FC-AL
S2073
February 9, 2000 / Revision D
Figure 2. FC-AL JBOD Application for Repeaters
CDR
0
1
0
1
0
1
0
1
0
1
Disk
Storage
FC-AL Disk Drive
LRC
Interlock
S2070
FC
XCVR
E_STORE
Disk
Storage
FC-AL Disk Drive
LRC
Interlock
E_STORE
Disk
Storage
FC-AL Disk Drive
LRC
Interlock
E_STORE
Disk
Storage
FC-AL Disk Drive
LRC
Interlock
E_STORE
Optics
or
Copper
S2058
Dual
SC
or
DB-9
Normal
Normal
Normal
Normal
Bypass
Pulldown for Bypass in
Absence of Disk Drive
S2073
S2070
FC
XCVR
S2070
FC
XCVR
S2070
FC
XCVR
3
FIVE PORT BYPASS AND REPEATER FOR FC-AL
S2073
February 9, 2000 / Revision D
DEVICE DESCRIPTION
The S2073 provides a port bypass function for up to 5
nodes in an FC-AL circuit, with low jitter accumulation.
An integrated repeater reduces jitter and restores sig-
nal amplitude levels for optimal signal integrity. Jitter
performance of the PLL is specified by jitter tolerance
and jitter transfer. In accordance with ANSI X3T11,
jitter tolerance is divided into random, deterministic,
and frequency dependent jitter. Figure 3 illustrates the
components of random, deterministic, and frequency
dependent jitter that must be tolerated to be ANSI
X3T11 compliant.
Random Jitter Tolerance
Random Jitter Tolerance is the amount of jitter with a
gaussian distribution that the clock recovery PLL must
tolerate.
Deterministic Jitter Tolerance
Deterministic Jitter Tolerance is the amount of Deter-
ministic jitter that the clock recovery PLL must tolerate.
Frequency Dependent Jitter Tolerance
Frequency Dependent Input jitter tolerance is defined
as the peak to peak amplitude of sinusoidal jitter ap-
plied on the input signal that causes the clock recovery
PLL to violate BER specifications. See Figure 4.
Jitter transfer
Jitter transfer is defined as the ratio of jitter on the
output signal to the jitter applied on the input signal
versus frequency. Jitter transfer requirements are
shown in Figures 4 and 5. The measurement condition
is that input sinusoidal jitter up to the mask level in
Figure 4 is applied and the output jitter is measured for
compliance to the mask of Figure 5. The jitter transfer
mask includes specifications for both jitter peaking and
bandwidth.
Lock detect
The S2073 lock detect circuit monitors the selected
input signal to detect the presence of the channel.
This is done by monitoring the frequency content of
the incoming data. The frequency monitor circuit
checks the difference between the divided down re-
covered clock and the externally supplied reference
clock (REFCLK). If the frequency difference between
the recovered clock and the reference clock varies
by more than
100 ppm the part will be declared out
of lock. In the out of lock state, the PLL will lock to
the local reference clock and periodically poll the
serial data inputs looking for data with valid fre-
quency content.
Figure 3. Input Jitter Tolerance
Figure 5. Jitter Transfer Specification
Figure 4. Frequency Dependent Jitter
Tolerance Mask
f
c
/25,000
(42.5 kHz)
Cut-off Freq A
f
c
/1,667
(637 kHz)
Cut-off Freq B
TIME (Unit Interval - UI)
1.5
0.4
Frequency (Hz)
(kHz) = Cut-off Freq @ 1,0625 Gbps
FREQ DEP
DJ(ISI)
RJ
10
-12
0
329
612
940
PS
BER
Jitter
Transfer
Acceptable Range
slope = -20 dB/decade
fc = 2 MHz
Peaking = 0.2 dB
4
FIVE PORT BYPASS AND REPEATER FOR FC-AL
S2073
February 9, 2000 / Revision D
Table 1. Pin Assignment and Descriptions
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5
FIVE PORT BYPASS AND REPEATER FOR FC-AL
S2073
February 9, 2000 / Revision D
Table 1. Pin Assignment and Descriptions (Continued)
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