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Datasheet: 5962-87540012A (Analog Devices)

High Speed, Precision Sample-and-Hold Amplifier

 

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Analog Devices
REV. A
Information furnished by Analog Devices is believed to be accurate and
reliable. However, no responsibility is assumed by Analog Devices for its
use, nor for any infringements of patents or other rights of third parties
which may result from its use. No license is granted by implication or
otherwise under any patent or patent rights of Analog Devices.
a
High Speed, Precision
Sample-and-Hold Amplifier
AD585
One Technology Way, P.O. Box 9106, Norwood, MA 02062-9106, U.S.A.
Tel: 617/329-4700
Fax: 617/326-8703
FEATURES
3.0 s Acquisition Time to 0.01% max
Low Droop Rate: 1.0 mV/ms max
Sample/Hold Offset Step: 3 mV max
Aperture Jitter: 0.5 ns
Extended Temperature Range: ­55 C to +125 C
Internal Hold Capacitor
Internal Application Resistors
12 V or 15 V Operation
Available in Surface Mount
APPLICATIONS
Data Acquisition Systems
Data Distribution Systems
Analog Delay & Storage
Peak Amplitude Measurements
MIL-STD-883 Compliant Versions Available
PRODUCT DESCRIPTION
The AD585 is a complete monolithic sample-and-hold circuit
consisting of a high performance operational amplifier in series
with an ultralow leakage analog switch and a FET input inte-
grating amplifier. An internal holding capacitor and matched
applications resistors have been provided for high precision and
applications flexibility.
The performance of the AD585 makes it ideal for high speed
10- and 12-bit data acquisition systems, where fast acquisition
time, low sample-to-hold offset, and low droop are critical. The
AD585 can acquire a signal to
±
0.01% in 3
µ
s maximum, and
then hold that signal with a maximum sample-to-hold offset of
3 mV and less than 1 mV/ms droop, using the on-chip hold
capacitor. If lower droop is required, it is possible to add a
larger external hold capacitor.
The high speed analog switch used in the AD585 exhibits
aperture jitter of 0.5 ns, enabling the device to sample full scale
(20 V peak-to-peak) signals at frequencies up to 78 kHz with
12-bit precision.
The AD585 can be used with any user-defined feedback net-
work to provide any desired gain in the sample mode. On-chip
precision thin-film resistors can be used to provide gains of +1,
­1, or +2. Output impedance in the hold mode is sufficiently
low to maintain an accurate output signal even when driving the
dynamic load presented by a successive-approximation A/D
converter. However, the output is protected against damage
from accidental short circuits.
The control signal for the HOLD command can be either active
high or active low. The differential HOLD signal is compatible
with all logic families, if a suitable reference level is provided. An
on-chip TTL reference level is provided for TTL compatibility.
The AD585 is available in three performance grades. The JP
grade is specified for the 0
°
C to +70
°
C commercial temperature
range and packaged in a 20-pin PLCC. The AQ grade is speci-
fied for the ­25
°
C to +85
°
C industrial temperature range and is
packaged in a 14-pin cerdip. The SQ and SE grades are speci-
fied for the ­55
°
C to +125
°
C military temperature range and
are packaged in a 14-pin cerdip and 20-pin LCC.
PRODUCT HIGHLIGHTS
1. The fast acquisition time (3
µ
s) and low aperture jitter
(0.5 ns) make it the first choice for very high speed data
acquisition systems.
2. The droop rate is only 1.0 mV/ms so that it may be used in
slower high accuracy systems without the loss of accuracy.
3. The low charge transfer of the analog switch keeps sample-to
hold offset below 3 mV with the on-chip 100 pF hold capaci-
tor, eliminating the trade-off between acquisition time and
S/H offset required with other SHAs.
4. The AD585 has internal pretrimmed application resistors for
applications versatility.
5. The AD585 is complete with an internal hold capacitor for
ease of use. Capacitance can be added externally to reduce
the droop rate when long hold times and high accuracy are
required.
6. The AD585 is recommended for use with 10- and 12-bit
successive-approximation A/D converters such as AD573,
AD574A, AD674A, AD7572 and AD7672.
7. The AD585 is available in versions compliant with MIL-STD-
883. Refer to the Analog Devices Military Products Databook
or current AD585/883B data sheet for detailed specifications.
FUNCTIONAL BLOCK DIAGRAM
DIP
LCC/PLCC Package
AD585­SPECIFICATIONS
Model
AD585J
AD585A
AD585S
Min
Typ
Max
Min
Typ
Max
Min
Typ
Max
Units
SAMPLE/HOLD CHARACTERISTICS
Acquisition Time, 10 V Step to 0.01%
3
3
3
µ
s
20 V Step to 0.01%
5
5
5
µ
s
Aperture Time, 20 V p-p Input,
HOLD
0 V
35
35
35
ns
Aperture Jitter, 20 V p-p Input,
HOLD
0 V
0.5
0.5
0.5
ns
Settling Time, 20 V p-p Input,
HOLD
0 V, to 0.01%
0.5
0.5
0.5
µ
s
Droop Rate
1
1
1
mV/ms
Droop Rate T
MIN
to T
MAX
Doubles Every 10
°
C
Double Every 10
°
C
Doubles Every 10
°
C
Charge Transfer
0.3
0.3
0.3
pC
Sample-to-Hold Offset
­3
3
­3
3
­3
3
mV
Feedthrough
20 V p-p, 10 kHz Input
0.5
0.5
0.5
mV
TRANSFER CHARACTERISTICS
1
Open Loop Gain
V
OUT
= 20 V p-p, R
L
= 2k
200,000
200,000
200,000
V/V
Application Resistor Mismatch
0.3
0.3
0.3
%
Common-Mode Rejection
V
CM
=
±
10 V
80
80
80
dB
Small Signal Gain Bandwidth
V
OUT
= 100 mV p-p
2.0
2.0
2.0
MHz
Full Power Bandwidth
V
OUT
= 20 V p-p
160
160
160
kHz
Slew Rate
V
OUT
= 20 V p-p
10
10
10
V/
µ
s
Output Resistance (Sample Mode)
I
OUT
=
±
10 mA
0.05
0.05
0.05
Output Short Circuit Current
50
50
50
mA
Output Short Circuit Duration
Indefinite
Indefinite
Indefinite
ANALOG INPUT CHARACTERISTICS
Offset Voltage
5
2
2
mV
Offset Voltage, T
MIN
to T
MAX
6
3
3
mV
Bias Current
2
2
2
nA
Bias Current, T
MIN
to T
MAX
5
5
20
50
2
nA
Input Capacitance, f = 1 MHz
10
10
10
pF
Input Resistance, Sample or Hold
20 V p-p Input, A = +1
10
12
10
12
10
12
DIGITAL INPUT CHARACTERISTICS
TTL Reference Output
1.2
1.4
1.6
1.2
1.4
1.6
1.2
1.4
1.6
V
Logic Input High Voltage
T
MIN
to T
MAX
2.0
2.0
2.0
V
Logic Input Low Voltage
T
MIN
to T
MAX
0.8
0.8
0.7
V
Logic Input Current (Either Input)
50
50
50
µ
A
POWER SUPPLY CHARACTERISTICS
Operating Voltage Range
+5, ­10.8
±
18
+5, ­10.8
±
18
+5, ­10.8
±
18
V
Supply Current, R
L
=
6
10
6
10
6
10
mA
Power Supply Rejection, Sample Mode
70
70
70
dB
TEMPERATURE RANGE
Specified Performance
0
+70
­25
+85
­55
+125
°
C
PACKAGE OPTIONS
3, 4
Cerdip (Q-14)
AD585AQ
AD585SQ
LCC (E-20A)
AD585SE
PLCC (P-20A)
AD585JP
(typical @ +25 C and V
S
= 12 V or 15 V, and C
H
= Internal, A = +1,
HOLD
active unless otherwise noted)
Specifications subject to change without notice.
Specifications shown in boldface are tested on all production units at final electrical
test. Results from those tests are used to calculate outgoing quality levels.
All min and max specifications are
guaranteed, although only those shown in
boldface
are tested on all production units.
NOTES
1
Maximum input signal is the minimum supply minus a headroom voltage of 2.5 V.
2
Not tested at ­55
°
C.
3
E = Leadless Ceramic Chip Carrier; P = Plastic Leaded Chip Carrier; Q = Cerdip.
4
For AD585/883B specifications, refer to Analog Devices Military Products Databook.
REV. A
­2­
AD585
REV. A
­3­
Figure 2. Acquisition Time vs. Hold Capacitance
(10 V Step to 0.01%)
ABSOLUTE MAXIMUM RATINGS
Supplies (+V
S
, ­V
S
) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
±
18 V
Logic Inputs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
±
V
S
Analog Inputs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
±
V
S
R
IN
, R
FB
Pins . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
±
V
S
Storage Temperature . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ­65
°
C to +150
°
C
Lead Temperature (Soldering) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 300
°
C
Output Short Circuit to Ground . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Indefinite
TTL Logic Reference Short
Circuit to Ground . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Indefinite
AD585
REV. A
­4­
SAMPLED DATA SYSTEMS
In sampled data systems there are a number of limiting factors
in digitizing high frequency signals accurately. Figure 9 shows
pictorially the sample-and-hold errors that are the limiting fac-
tors. In the following discussions of error sources the errors will
be divided into the following groups: 1. Sample-to-Hold Transi-
tion, 2. Hold Mode and 3. Hold-to-Sample Transition.
Figure 9. Pictorial Showing Various S/H Characteristics
SAMPLE-TO-HOLD TRANSITION
The aperture delay time is the time required for the sample-and-
hold amplifier to switch from sample to hold. Since this is effec-
tively a constant then it may be tuned out. If however, the
aperture delay time is not accounted for then errors of the mag-
nitude as shown in Figure 10 will result.
Figure 10. Aperture Delay Error vs. Frequency
To eliminate the aperture delay as an error source the sample-
to-hold command may be advanced with respect to the input
signal .
Once the aperture delay time has been eliminated as an error
source then the aperture jitter which is the variation in aperture
delay time from sample-to-sample remains. The aperture jitter is
a true error source and must be considered. The aperture jitter
is a result of noise within the switching network which modu-
lates the phase of the hold command and is manifested in the
variations in the value of the analog input that has been held.
The aperture error which results from this jitter is directly re-
lated to the dV/dT of the analog input.
The error due to aperture jitter is easily calculated as shown be-
low. The error calculation takes into account the desired accu-
racy corresponding to the resolution of the N-bit A/D converter.
f
MAX
=
2
­( N
+
1)
( Aperture Jitter )
For an application with a 10-bit A/D converter with a 10 V full
scale to a 1/2 LSB error maximum.
f
MAX
=
2
­(10
+
1)
(0.5
×
10
­9
)
f
MAX
=
310.8 kHz.
For an application with a 12-bit A/D converter with a 10 V full
scale to a 1/2 LSB error maximum:
f
MAX
=
2
­(12
+
1)
(0.5
×
10
­9
)
f
MAX
=
77.7 kHz.
Figure 11 shows the entire range of errors induced by aperture
jitter with respect to the input signal frequency.
Figure 11. Aperture Jitter Error vs. Frequency
Sample-to-hold offset is caused by the transfer of charge to the
holding capacitor via the gate capacitance of the switch when
switching into hold. Since the gate capacitance couples the
switch control voltage applied to the gate on to the hold capaci-
tor, the resulting sample-to-hold offset is a function of the logic
level .
The logic inputs were designed for application flexibility and,
therefore, a wide range of logic thresholds. This was achieved by
using a differential input stage for HOLD and HOLD. Figure 1
shows the change in the sample-to-hold offset voltage based
upon an independently programmed reference voltage. Since
the input stage is a differential configuration, the offset voltage
is a function of the control voltage range around the pro-
grammed threshold voltage.
The sample-to-hold offset can be reduced by adding capacitance
to the internal 100 pF capacitor and by using HOLD instead of
HOLD. This may be easily accomplished by adding an external
capacitor between Pins 7 and 8. The sample-to-hold offset is
then governed by the relationship:
S/H Offset (V )
=
Charge pC
( )
C
H
Total ( pF )
AD585
REV. A
­5­
For the AD585 in particular it becomes:
S/H Offset (V )
=
0.3 pC
100 pF
+
C
EXT
(
)
The addition of an external hold capacitor also affects the acqui-
sition time of the AD585. The change in acquisition time with
respect to the C
EXT
is shown graphically in Figure 2.
HOLD MODE
In the hold mode there are two important specifications that
must be considered; feedthrough and the droop rate. Feedthrough
errors appear as an attenuated version of the input at the output
while in the hold mode. Hold-Mode feedthrough varies with fre-
quency, increasing at higher frequencies. Feedthrough is an im-
portant specification when a sample and hold follows an analog
multiplexer that switches among many different channels.
Hold-mode droop rate is the change in output voltage per unit
of time while in the hold mode. Hold-mode droop originates as
leakage from the hold capacitor, of which the major leakage
current contributors are switch leakage current and bias current.
The rate of voltage change on the capacitor dV/dT is the ratio of
the total leakage current I
L
to the hold capacitance C
H
.
Droop Rate
=
dV
OUT
dT
(Volts/Sec)
=
I
L
( pA)
C
H
( pF )
For the AD585 in particular;
Droop Rate
=
100 pA
100 pF
+
(C
EXT
)
Additionally the leakage current doubles for every 10
°
C increase
in temperature above 25
°
C; therefore, the hold-mode droop rate
characteristic will also double in the same fashion. The hold-mode
droop rate can be traded-off with acquisition time to provide the
best combination of droop error and acquisition time. The tradeoff
is easily accomplished by varying the value of C
EXT
.
Since a sample and hold is used typically in combination with
an A/D converter, then the total droop in the output voltage has
to be less than 1/2 LSB during the period of a conversion. The
maximum allowable signal change on the input of an A/D
converter is:
V max =
Full -Scale Voltage
2
N
+
1
(
)
Once the maximum
V is determined then the conversion time
of the A/D converter (T
CONV
) is required to calculate the maxi-
mum allowable dV/dT.
dV
dt
max
=
V max
T
CONV
The maximum
dV max
dT
as shown by the previous equation is
the limit not only at 25
°
C but at the maximum expected operat-
ing temperature range. Therefore, over the operating temperature
range the following criteria must be met (T
OPERATION
­25
°
C)
=
T.
dV 25
°
C
dT
×
2
T
°
C
(
)
10
°
C
dV max
dT
HOLD-TO-SAMPLE TRANSITION
The Nyquist theorem states that a band-limited signal which is
sampled at a rate at least twice the maximum signal frequency
can be reconstructed without loss of information. This means
that a sampled data system must sample, convert and acquire
the next point at a rate at least twice the signal frequency. Thus
the maximum input frequency is equal to
f
MAX
=
1
2 T
ACQ
+
T
CONV
+
T
AP
(
)
Where T
ACQ
is the acquisition time of the sample-to-hold
amplifier, T
AP
is the maximum aperture time (small enough to
be ignored) and T
CONV
is the conversion time of the A/D
converter.
DATA ACQUISITION SYSTEMS
The fast acquisition time of the AD585 when used with a high
speed A/D converter allows accurate digitization of high fre-
quency signals and high throughput rates in multichannel data
acquisition systems. The AD585 can be used with a number of
different A/D converters to achieve high throughput rates. Fig-
ures 12 and 13 show the use of an AD585 with the AD578 and
AD574A.
Figure 12. A/D Conversion System, 117.6 kHz Throughput
58.8 kHz max Signal Input
Figure 13. 12-Bit A/D Conversion System, 26.3 kHz
Throughput Rate, 13.1 kHz max Signal Input
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