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Datasheet: APE1084P50 (Advanced Power Electronics Corp.)

5A Low Dropout Positive Adjustable or Fixed-Mode Regulator

 

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Advanced Power Electronics Corp.
APE1084
5A Low Dropout Positive Adjustable or Fixed-Mode Regulator
This datasheet contains new product information. Advanced Power Electronics Corp. reserves the rights to modify the product specification without notice. No liability is assumed as
a result of the use of this product. No rights under any patent accompany the sale of the product.
1/1
0
Pb Free Plating Product
20
0414062
1. Features
1.4V maximum dropout at full load current
Built-in thermal shutdown
Output current limiting
Adjustable output voltage or fixed 1.5V, 1.8V, 2.5V,
3.3V, 5.0V
Fast transient response
Good noise rejection
Package : TO252, TO263, TO220
RoHS Compliant




Ordering Information
General Description

APE1084 is a low dropout positive adjustable or
fixed-mode regulator with minimum of 5.0A output
current capability. The product is specifically
designed to provide well-regulated supply for low
voltage IC applications such as high-speed bus
termination and low current 3.3V logic supply.
APE1084 is also well suited for other applications
such as VGA cards. APE1084 is guaranteed to have
lower than 1.4V dropout at full load current making it
ideal to provide well-regulated outputs of 1.25 to
3.3V with 4.7 to 12V input supply.


APE 1084
X XX
Low Dropout Regulator
Package
Vout
H : TO252-3L
S : TO263-3L
P : TO220-3L
Blank : Adj
15 = 1.5V
18 = 1.8V
25 = 2.5V
33 = 3.3V
50 = 5.0V
Block Diagram
3
Thermal
Shutdown
1
2 Vout
Adj
1.25V
+
+
CURRENT
LIMIT
Vin



+
+
APE1084
5A Low Dropout Positive Adjustable or Fixed-Mode Regulator
Advanced Power Electronics Corp.
www.a-power.com.tw
2/1
0
Pb Free Plating Product
Connection Diagram
TO263
3
2
1
Vin
Vout
Adj (GND)
Tab is Vout
FRONT VIEW
TO252
3
2
1
Vin
Vout
Adj (GND)
Tab is Vout
FRONT VIEW
TO220
Tab is Vout
3
Vin
2
1
Vout
Adj (GND)
FRONT VIEW

Pin Descriptions
Pin No.
Name
I/O
TO263/
252/220
PDIP-8
Function
Adj
(GND)
I 1 1
Adjustable (Ground only for fixed mode)
A resistor divider from this pin to the Vout pin and ground sets the
output voltage. (Ground only for Fixed-Mode)
Vout O
2
2/3/5/6/
7/8
The output of the regulator. A minimum of 10uF (0.15 ESR
20) capacitor must be connected from this pin to ground to insure
stability.
Vin I 3 4
The input pin of regulator. Typically a large storage capacitor (0.15
ESR 20) is connected from this pin to ground to insure that the
input voltage does not sag below the minimum dropout voltage
during the load transient response. This pin must always be 1.4V
(1.3V) higher than Vout in order for the device to regulate properly.
APE1084
5A Low Dropout Positive Adjustable or Fixed-Mode Regulator
Advanced Power Electronics Corp.
www.a-power.com.tw
3/1
0
Pb Free Plating Product
Absolute Maximum Ratings
Symbol
Parameter
Rating
Unit
Vin
DC Supply Voltage
-0.3 to 12
V
P
D
Power Dissipation
Internally Limited
T
ST
Storage Temperature
-65 to +150
oC
T
OP
Operating Junction Temperature Range
0 to +150
oC
Electrical Characteristics
(Under Operating Conditions)
Sym.
Parameter
Conditions (Notes)
Min.
Typ.
Max.
Unit
V
REF
Reference Voltage Io=10mA, Tj=25
o
C, (Vin-Vout)=1.5V
1.225
1.250 1.275
V
APE1084-XXX I
O
=10mA, V
OUT
+1.5V<V
IN
<12V, T
J
=25
o
C 0.2 %
APE1084-1.5
I
OUT
= 10mA, T
J
= 25
o
C, 3VV
IN
12V
1.470
1.500 1.530
V
APE1084-1.8
I
OUT
= 10mA, T
J
= 25
o
C, 3.3VV
IN
12V
1.764
1.800 1.836
V
APE1084-2.5
I
OUT
= 10mA, T
J
= 25
o
C, 4VV
IN
12V
2.450
2.500 2.550
V
APE1084-3.3
I
OUT
= 10mA, T
J
= 25
o
C, 4.8VV
IN
12V
3.235
3.300 3.365
V
Line
Regulation
APE1084-5.0
I
OUT
= 10mA, T
J
= 25
o
C, 6.5VV
IN
12V
4.900
5.000 5.100
V
APE1084-Adj
V
IN
=3.3V, 0mA<Io<5A, T
J
=25
o
C
(Note 1,2)
1
%
APE1084-1.5
V
IN
=3V, 0mA<Io<5A, T
J
=25
o
C
(Note 1,2)
12 15
mV
APE1084-1.8
V
IN
=3.3V, 0mA<Io<5A
T
J
=25
o
C (Note 1,2)
15 18
mV
APE1084-2.5
V
IN
=4V, 0mA<Io<5A
T
J
=25
o
C (Note 1,2)
20 25
mV
APE1084-3.3 V
IN
= 5V, 0mA<Io<5A , T
J
=25
o
C (Note 1,2)
26
33
mV
Load
Regulation
APE1084-5.0 V
IN
= 8V, 0mA<Io<5A, T
J
=25
o
C (Note 1,2)
40
50
mV
Vo
Dropout Voltage
Io=5.0A (
Vout = 1% Vout)
1.3
1.4 V
Current
Limit Vin-Vout=5V
5.1
A
Minimum Load
Current
5
10
mA
Temperature
Stability
Io=10mA
0.5
%
Thermal Resistance
Junction-to-Ambient
(No heat sink ;No
air flow)
TO-252
TO-263
TO-220
98
83
83
JA
O
C/W
JC
Thermal Resistance
Junction-to-Case
TO-252: Control Circuitry/Power Transistor
TO-263: Control Circuitry/Power Transistor
TO-220: Control Circuitry/Power Transistor
10
0.65/2.7
0.65/2.7
O
C/W
Note 1:
See thermal regulation specifications for changes in output voltage due to heating effects. Line and load regulation are measured
at a constant junction temperature by low duty cycle pulse testing. Load regulation is measured at the output lead = 1/18" from the
package.
Note 2:
Line and load regulation are guaranteed up to the maximum power dissipation of 15W. Power dissipation is determined by the
difference between input and output and the output current. Guaranteed maximum power dissipation will not be available over the
full input/output range.

APE1084
5A Low Dropout Positive Adjustable or Fixed-Mode Regulator
Advanced Power Electronics Corp.
www.a-power.com.tw
4/1
0
Pb Free Plating Product
Typical Circuit
(1) TO263/252/220
5.0V to 3.3V Fixed Mode Regulator
C2
100uF
5V
3.3V/5A
Tab is Vout
Vin
Vout
GND
C1
100uF
Adjustable Regulator
R1
R2
C2
100uF
5V
2.5V/5A
Tab is Vout
Vin
Vout
Adj
C1
100uF
121
121
)
R
1
R
2
(1
V
REF
V
O
+
+
+
+
=
=
=
=
Note:


APE1084
5A Low Dropout Positive Adjustable or Fixed-Mode Regulator
Advanced Power Electronics Corp.
www.a-power.com.tw
5/1
0
Pb Free Plating Product
Functional Description

Introduction
The APE1084 adjustable Low Dropout (LDO) regulator
is a 3 terminal device that can easily be programmed
with the addition of two external resistors to any
voltages within the range of 1.25V to Vin-1.4V. The
APE1084 only needs 1.4V differential between Vin
and Vout to maintain output regulation. In addition, the
output voltage tolerances are also extremely tight and
they include the transient response as part of the
specification. For example, Intel VRE specification
calls for a total of +/- 100mV including initial tolerance,
load regulation and 0 to 5.0A load step.
The APE1084 is specifically designed to meet the fast
current transient needs as well as providing an
accurate initial voltage, reducing the overall system
cost with the need for fewer output capacitors.

Output Voltage Setting
The APE1084 can be programmed to any voltages in
the range of 1.25V to Vin-1.4V with the addition of R1
and R2 external resistors according to the following
formula:
Vout = Vref (1+ R2/R1) +Iadj *R2 , where Vref = 1.25 typically, Iadj =
55uA typically R1&R2 as shown at below
APE1084
Vin
Vout
Vref
Adj
R1
R2
Iadj=55uA
The APE1084 keeps a constant 1.25V between the
output pin and the adjust pin. By placing a resistor R1
across these two pins a constant current flows through
R1, adding to the
Iadj
current and into the R2 resistor
producing a voltage equal to the (1.25/R1)*R2+Iadj*R2
which will be added to the 1.25V to set the output
voltage. This is summarized in the above equation.
Since the minimum load current requirement of the
APE1084 is 10mA, R1 is typically selected to be 121
resistor so that it automatically satisfies the minimum
current requirement. Notice that since Iadj is typically
in the range of 55uA it only adds a small error to the
output voltage and should only be considered when a
very precise output voltage setting is required. For
example, in a typical 3.3V application where R1=121
and R2=200 the error due to
Iadj
is only 0.3% of the
nominal set point.

Load Regulation
Since the APE1084 is only a 3 terminal device, it is not
possible to provide true remote sensing of the output
voltage at the load. The best load regulation is
achieved when the bottom side of R2 is connected to
the load and the top-side of R1 resistor is connected
directly to the case or the Vout pin of the regulator and
not to the load. It is important to note that for high
current applications, this can re-present a significant
percentage of
the overall load regulation and one must keep the path
from the regulator to the load as short as possible to
minimize this effect.
Stability
The APE1084 requires the use of an output capacitor
as part of the frequency compensation in order to
make the regulator stable. For most applications a
minimum of 10uF aluminum electrolytic capacitor
insures both stability and good transient response.
Thermal Design
The APE1084 incorporates an internal thermal
shutdown that protects the device when the junction
temperature exceeds the maximum allowable junction
temperature. Although this device can operate with
junction temperatures in the range of
150
o
C
, it is
recommended that the selected heat sink be chosen
such that during maximum continuous load operation
the junction temperature is kept below the temperature.
Layout Consideration
The output capacitors must be located as close to the
Vout terminal of the device as possible. It is
recommended to use a section of a layer of the PC
board as a plane to connect the Vout pin to the output
capacitors to prevent any high frequency oscillation
that may result due to excessive trace inductance.
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